Biden’sBorderCrisis拜登的边境移民危机

导读 一段时间以来,美国和墨西哥边境非法移民的难民数量激增,不少被羁押的儿童被迫与父母分离,其恶劣的生存状况受到舆论广泛关注和担忧。美国党争不断,在移民政策上搞“否决政治”和“作秀政治“,被媒体认为是导致边境移民危机迟迟未能解决的根本原因。如何处理不断发酵的美墨边境移民危机,拜登政府面临着领导力的大考。


 

On his first day in office, President Joe Biden signed an executive action to halt construction of Donald Trump’s controversial and expensive border wall, but now he has a newwall of worry. A crisis is rapidly building on the southern border with Mexico, as hundreds of thousands of migrants seek entry into the United States, fuelled by the hope that the new president will be more welcoming than his predecessor was. In January and February the number of unaccompanied minors apprehended along the border started to surge above previous peaks. Illegal border crossings in general are soaring, amid predictions that this year they may be the highest for two decades.

For Mr. Biden this poses a threat. Immigration, for years the most polarising issue in American politics and one that has become ever harder to solve, could soon dominate the agenda. To the president’s right, Republicans are on the rampage. To his left, meanwhile, progressive Democrats are out of step with wider American opinion, championing impractical demands (such as stopping deportations) while labour unions oppose sensible policies such as issuing more work visas. Mr.Biden may want to avoid a confrontation with progressives, whose support he needs for other legislation. Yet he finds himself in a bind that could yet cost his party control of Congress in the mid-term elections next year.

In the short term, Mr. Biden cannot change the dire circumstances that are propelling Central Americans, Mexicans and others from trying to set foot on American soil, but he can easily alter the signals he sends. His administration has at times sounded like a shy host who is too polite to kick out hungry gate-crashers. “We are not saying ‘Don’t come’. We are saying ‘Don’t comenow’,” was the excessively mild recent message to potential migrants from the secretary of homeland security, Alejandro Mayorkas. On March 16th Mr. Biden sought to dispel any ambiguity: “I can say quite clearly: don’t come over,” he told ABC News. He needs to do more to impose clarity and control.

That means making it plain that tolerance of legal immigration has to go hand in hand with toughness on the illegal sort. This will sometimes feel harsh. Unaccompanied minors who do not have successful asylum claims or family of legal status in America should be sent home. But there is no contradiction in being pro-immigrant yet anti-illegal-immigration. Recent Democratic presidents have taken strong stands on enforcement, including deporting illegal immigrants, bulking up border control and building fencing on the southern border.

Mr. Biden should start with manageable tasks, visiting the border to understand thescale and complexity of the challenge confronting him. He should immediately appoint permanent leaders for Customs and Border Protection and Immigration and Customs Enforcement. Their staff are overwhelmed, confused about which policies are in effect and unsure what the administration plans to do next. Simple actions, such as directing more intelligence resources to crack down on cartels and smugglers and getting rid of the invasive brush along the banks of the Rio Grande, could have an outsize impact by making it easier for Border Patrol todo its job.

Beyond such measures Mr. Biden needs to overhaul the asylum process. Becauseof a backlog in immigration-court cases -- which today number 1.3m, about two-and-a-half times the total when Mr. Trump assumed office -- resolution of asylum claims takes years. Many migrants are allowed to stay in America while their cases are pending. Better to let claims be evaluated by asylum officers instead of judges. Those who want to appeal against adverse decisions could still do so in court, but such a change would ensure resolution within months, not years. Although a grand bargain on immigration is probably impossible in today’s polarised environment, more such technocratic compromises may be feasible.

A sustainable immigration policy for the future must involve creating more ways for immigrants to enter America legally. Currently there is no queue to join if you want to come to live and work in America, which is why so many migrants are either rushing the border to claim asylum or entering illegally. The asylum system has become a backdoor substitute for a proper immigration scheme. Mr.Biden would also, sensibly, like to extend citizenship to undocumented immigrants who are already living in America and to the “Dreamers” who arrived there as children. Yet hope of such reforms depends on him acting decisively. An uncomfortable showdown  with noisy elements within his own party may soon be needed.


 



本文选自 The Economist , March 20 th-26 th, 2021






标注词汇:


  1. halt   v. 停止

  2. fuel  v. 给……提供燃料,推动

  3. minor  n. 未成年人

  4. apprehend  v. 逮捕,羁押

  5. surge  v. 飙升,激增

  6. rampage   n. 暴怒,狂暴的行为

  7. champion  v. 支持,用户

  8. deportation  n. 驱逐出境  deport  v. 驱逐出境

  9. confrontation   n. 对抗,对峙  confront  v. 面对,遭遇

  10. dispel  v. 驱散,驱逐,消除

  11. ambiguity  n. 含糊,不明确,模棱两可的话

  12. impose  v. 利用,强加

  13. stand  n. 立场

  14. enforcement  n. 执行,实施

  15. overwhelm  v. 淹没,压倒,压垮

  16. crack down  镇压,取缔,处罚,制裁

  17. overhaul  v. 彻底检修;全面改革(制度、方法等)

  18. asylum  n. 庇护

  19. adverse  adj. 不利的,相反的,敌对的

  20. compromise  n. 妥协,折中

  21. feasible  adj. 可行的,可能的,可实行的

  22. substitute  n. 代替者,代用品

  23. scheme  n. 计划,方案

  24. showdown  n. 摊牌,对决






长难句翻译:


A crisis is rapidly building on the southern border with Mexico, as hundreds of thousands of migrants seek entry into the United States, fuelled by the hope that the new president will be more welcoming than his predecessor was.


几十万的非法移民怀揣着“新总统比他的前任更欢迎移民”的期望试图进入美国,这迅速在美墨的南部边境建立了一个危机。


Immigration, for years the most polarising issue in American politics and one that has become ever harder to solve, could soon dominate the agenda.

(非法)移民问题可能会迅速主导议程,移民好多年来一直是美国政治最两极分化的问题,而且越来越难解决。


Because of a backlog in immigration-court cases -- which today number 1.3m, about two-and-a-half  times the total when Mr.Trump assumed office -- resolution of asylum claims takes years.

因为移民法庭案件的积压——现在积压案件达到了 130 万件,大约是特朗普开始执政时的 2.5 倍——庇护申请的解决可能要花几年的时间。


Mr. Biden would also, sensibly, like to extend citizenship to undocumented immigrants who are already living in America and to the “Dreamers” who arrived there as children.

拜登也可以明智地将公民身份授予给已经住在美国的无证件移民和儿童时期到达美国的“追梦者”。


翻译:徐老师

校对:韩豆豆

排版:梅小朵

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


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