主创谈|“我希望《六人》能告慰那一整代受尽苦楚和歧视的早期华人移民。”





导演 罗飞

罗?来自英国,是一位生活在上海的电影人。他的作品包括纪录片《海神号事件》《阳关三叠》。他曾受邀为世界夏季特殊奥林匹克运动会开幕式、世博会和上海迪斯尼拍摄纪录片。罗?也定期为NatGeo, BBC和Discovery进行导演工作。他曾是好莱坞电影杂志 《Variety》的驻中国首席记者。



大约6年前,我的朋友施万克找到我,提议拍一部关于泰坦尼克号上中国幸存者的纪录片。 我当时第一反应是“泰坦尼克上竟然有中国人吗? ”。 这之后的几年里,每当我们向人介绍当时正在拍的这部电影,这句话就又从他们每个人嘴里冒出来。 可以确定,没有多少人知道这场世纪海难里存在中国人的身影。 一想起这个,我们就有了动力,支撑我们去挑战在当时看似不可能的任务。


Almost six years ago, my friend Steven Schwankert came to me and suggested that we make a documentary about the Chinese survivors of Titanic. “There were Chinese people on Titanic?!” was my immediate reaction. It’s a sentence I’ve heard a lot in the years since, pretty much every time we have told people about the film we are working on. And it is the fact that no one seemed to know about the Chinese on board the most famous shipwreck of all time that spurred us on to finish what at times seemed like an impossible task.

 

 

从泰坦尼克号上生还的乘客共有700多人,几乎每个人的故事都至少在他们本国国民中流传甚广。我小的时候,家对面住了位老太太,她就是当年的幸存者之一,大家都听说过她的事。而且上网一搜就可以查到她的生日、生平和子女,以及她在这艘船上的经历。其他幸存者的情况也和她类似,但唯独除了那6个中国人。


There were more than 700 survivors of Titanic, and almost all of them are well known, at least in their country of origin. When I was a child, we lived opposite the house of an elderly woman who had survived Titanic. Everyone knew about her. If you check online now, you can find her year of birth, her children, the story of her life, her story on Titanic. And the same is true of all the other survivors. Except our six men.

 


为什么单单就中国乘客的故事被遗漏了呢?为什么不曾有人出面认领他们为自己的亲戚甚至朋友呢?


So, why were the Chinese so uniquely forgotten by history? Why had no one come forward to claim them as grandparents, uncles, or even friends?

 


我们越研究就越是怀疑,这个情况可能是由1912年英美媒体刊登的一些流言所导致。这些媒体报道说中国乘客为了求生而做了有失体面的行为。但这些针对他们的指责——为了登上救生艇而假扮成女人、藏在救生艇座位下面、身份是偷渡客等等,会不会跟一整代早期华人移民在海外各地所面临的普遍歧视相关呢?这个故事逐渐变得越来越深,而从那些编造的故事中去寻找真相的希望则十分渺茫。


The more we looked, the more we suspected it had something to do with the rumours published in British and American media in 1912 that implied the six men had acted dishonourably to save themselves. But were those terrible accusations – that they had dressed as women to get places on lifeboats, that they had hidden, or were stowaways - have something to do with the discrimination that an entire generation of Chinese faced as they went out into the world to work, and settle? The story just seemed to get bigger and bigger, and the task of sorting out fact from fiction at times seemed insurmountable.

 


幸运的是,施万克和我拥有一个优秀的团队,包括遍布中、美、英、加四国的研究员团队,上海罗家文化的制片团队,以及对我们拔刀相助的詹姆斯·卡梅隆。


Fortunately, Steven and I were joined along the way by an incredible team of collaborators, including our Chinese and international researchers, spread out over China, the US, the UK and Canada, our amazing production team at LP Films, and – just when we really needed his help – James Cameron.

 


参与《六人》这样一部作品是我一生的荣幸。对拍摄途中相遇的所有人,我感激不尽——尤其是那些幸存者的亲人和后代,是他们成就了这部纪录片。我希望《六人》能告慰那一整代受尽苦楚和歧视的早期华人移民,而在过去一年左右的时间里,社会上才真正开始意识到他们曾经的艰难处境。


Being involved in The Six has been the privilege of a lifetime. And I will never be able to thank enough the people we met along the way – above all the descendants and relatives of the survivors who helped us to tell this story for the first time. I hope that this film is a fitting tribute to a whole generation of Chinese whose suffering lasted a lifetime and who faced discrimination that we have only really begun to reckon with as a society in the last year or so. 

 


导演 罗彤


罗彤自2002年开始制作纪录片,促成了多部优秀获奖纪录片的完成,包括《阳关三叠》与 《海神号事件》。她于上海创建了罗家文化艺术交流有限公司,是一家提供全方位服务的影像制作公司。罗彤也作为中方制片人与欧美媒体合作。


这是第一次有人讲述泰坦尼克号上六个中国幸存者的故事。此前的一个世纪里,他们都“消失”着。直到两个在中国生活了几十年的外国人罗飞和施万克,因为好奇而开始追寻历史掩埋的、人类最大海难事件里唯一还未被说明的真相。在过去的六年中,我们从一开始的两人小队,发展到集结出世界各地近二十位研究员、志愿者,在全球20多个城市去寻找答案。而总共才5-6个人的跟拍团队就扛着器材跟着他们全世界地跑,捕捉证据,挖掘真相。


后来,我们又辗转找到了《泰坦尼克号》导演卡梅隆,有幸获得了他无偿的大力支持。他说很荣幸也很开心能参加到我们的纪录片里来,和我们一起把这个故事展现给世人看。甚至还提供了《泰坦尼克号》的片段素材和从未在中国大银幕上映过的,一段关于中国乘客的删减片段供我们放在影片里使用,让大家有机会更好地了解这个故事。


六年的搜寻,我们从几万个文件里找到线索,从几百个小时的素材里整理出逻辑,把几年来的研究融进2个小时的空间,它真不是一件容易的事啊。再后来,我们又有了志同道合的合作伙伴,愿意和我们一起把这个故事搬到银幕上去。

 

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